The propagation of light rays in a clumpy universe constructed by cosmological version of the post-Newtonian approximation was investigated. It is shown that linear approximation to the propagation equations is valid in the region where zeta is approximately less than 1 even if the density contrast is much larger than unity. Based on a gerneral order-of-magnitude statistical consideration, it is argued that the linear approximation is still valid where zeta is approximately greater than 1. A general formula for the distance-redshift relation in a clumpy universe is given. An explicit expression is derived for a simplified situation in which the effect of the gravitational potential of inhomogeneities dominates. In the light of the derived relation, the validity of the Dyer-Roeder distance is discussed. Also, statistical properties of light rays are investigated for a simple model of an inhomogeneous universe. The result of this example supports the validity of the linear approximation.